Strategic Design for Remanufacturing

Dr. Nina Boorsma has recently completed her PhD at the Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering at TU Delft under the supervision of Prof.dr. A.R. Balkenende, C.A. Bakker, and Dr. D.P. Peck. Her thesis explores the role of strategic design in the context of remanufacturing and aims to promote a wider implementation of remanufacturing in industry. In this video, she explains how strategic design determines the extent to which a product meets market needs, what its functionality should be, and whether it supports the company’s long-term objectives.

Main Takeaways

  • Design for Remanufacturing investigates the suitability of a product to be remanufactured.
  • Strategic Design takes place in the early stages of the product’s development process to determine the extent to which a product meets market needs in all of its use-cycles, what its functionality should be in each of these cycles, and whether it supports a company’s long-term objectives.
  • There is at least 12 main points a company can consider to proceed with advancing the integration of Design for Remanufacturing in its strategic design whilst 20 circular design indicators can enable monitoring readiness levels of companies (Strategy Map & Circular Product Readiness).

Further Reading

Journal Papers

  • Boorsma, N., Balkenende, R., Bakker, C., Tsui, T., & Peck, D. (2021). Incorporating design for remanufacturing in the early design stage: a design management perspective. Journal of Remanufacturing, 11(1), 25-48. (Chapter 4)
  • Boorsma, N., Peck, D., Bakker, T., Bakker, C., & Balkenende, R. (2022). The strategic value of design for remanufacturing: a case study of professional imaging equipment. Journal of Remanufacturing, 12, 187–212. (Chapter 5)
  • Boorsma, N., Polat, E., Bakker, C., Peck, D. & Balkenende, R. (2022). Development of the Circular Product Readiness method in circular design. Sustainability, 14(15), 9288. (Chapter 7)

Conference Papers

  • Boorsma, N., Peck, D., Fischer, S., Bakker, C. & Balkenende, R. (2018). Capabilities required to tackle barriers to remanufacturing. In Proceedings of Going Green-CARE INNOVATION Conference. (Chapter 2)
  • Boorsma, N., Peck, D., Fischer, S., Bakker, C. & Balkenende, R. (2018). Remanufacturing workshops with professionals to overcome barriers-outcomes of two EU projects. Proceedings of Conference Going Green—Care Innovation. (Chapter 6)
  • Boorsma, N., Tsui, T., & Peck, D. (2019). Circular building products, a case study of soft barriers in design for remanufacturing. In Proceedings of the International conference of Remanufacturing. (Chapter 3)


Nina Boorsma
Nina Boorsma
Postdoc Researcher

Dr. Nina Boorsma is a Postdoctoral researcher at the section of Climate Design & Sustainability at the department of Architectural Engineering + Technology, Faculty of Architecture & the Built Environment. Besides her Postdoc, she has taken on a role as Innovation Lead at the Port of Rotterdam Authority where she shapes and supports the innovation projects which help the port become more efficient, sustainable, and circular.

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Circularity for Educators

The platform is intended to provide with content on either circularity or pedagogy for and about circularity. It is one of the outcomes of the Circular Impulse Initiative (CII), a project intending to enhance the integration of circularity in the Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment education. The platform mainly aims to help tutors get better acquainted with circularity in the built environment by providing a series of resources on this subject that they can either view to get better informed or directly share with their students in class or online. A large number of the Faculty's professors and researchers have contributed substantially both in creating a coherent narrative for circularity in the built environment as well as further elaborating on different aspects of it. Besides this one, a new platform for interaction and direct exchange was also established in parallel that we call ‘Educators for Circularity‘. This one offers the opportunity for all of us to meet and share our experiences and learn from one another.

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